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Short-term migration and consumption expenditure of households in rural India

S Chandrasekhar, Mousumi Das () and Ajay Sharma
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Mousumi Das: Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research

Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research, Mumbai Working Papers from Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research, Mumbai, India

Abstract: In 2007-08, short-term migrants constituted 4.35 per cent of the rural workforce. A total of 9.25 million households in rural India had short-term migrants.Using a nationally representative data for rural India, this paper examines differences in consumption expenditure across households with and without a household member who is a short-migrant. We use an instrumental variable approach to control for the presence of a short-term migrant in a household. We find that households with a short-term migrant have lower monthly per capita consumption expenditure and monthly per capita food expenditure compared to households without a short-term migrant. Short-term migrants are not unionised, they work in the unorganised sector, they do not have written job contracts and state governments are yet to ensure that the legislations protecting them are properly enforced. This could be one of the reasons why we do not observe higher levels of expenditure in households with such migrants.

Keywords: Short-term migration; Household consumption; Rural-urban linkages (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: O1 R23 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 36 pages
Date: 2014-03
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-mig
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Related works:
Journal Article: Short-term Migration and Consumption Expenditure of Households in Rural India (2015) Downloads
Working Paper: Short-term Migration and Consumption Expenditure of Households in Rural India (2014) Downloads
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