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Examiner amendments to applications to the european patent office: Procedures, knowledge bases and country specificities

Joaquín M. Azagra-Caro and Elena M. Tur

No 201406, INGENIO (CSIC-UPV) Working Paper Series from INGENIO (CSIC-UPV)

Abstract: The geography of knowledge flows has shown that the probability of a patent applicant rather than the examiner originating a citation depends on differences between citing and cited countries. How the characteristics of the citing country affect that probability has received less attention. Using European Patent Office (EPO) data of over 3,500,000 citations (1997-2007), we find that the probability of applicant citation is higher as national economic and scientific strengths increase, if applicants and examiners come from the same country and if the country belongs to EPO. This ‘country club’ effect is comparable to that found for US Patent and Trademark Office.

Keywords: citations; Knowledge flows; knowledge spillovers; national biases (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: O30 O33 O34 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-eur, nep-ino, nep-ipr and nep-pr~
Date: 2014-05-15, Revised 2018-11-29
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Published in https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11192-018-2894-4?wt_mc=Internal.Event.1.SEM.ArticleAuthorOnlineFirst&utm_source=ArticleAuthorContributingOnlineFirst&utm_medium=email&utm_content=AA_en_06082018&ArticleAuthorContributingOnlineFirst_20181122

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