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Fairness Views and Political Preferences - Evidence from a representative sample

Mueller Daniel () and Sander Renes ()
Authors registered in the RePEc Author Service: Daniel Müller ()

Working Papers from Faculty of Economics and Statistics, University of Innsbruck

Abstract: We elicit distributional fairness ideals of impartial spectators using an incentivized elici- tation in a large and heterogeneous sample of the German population. We document several empirical facts: i) egalitarianism is the predominant ideal; ii) females are more egalitarian than men; iii) men are relatively more efficiency minded; iv) left-leaning voters are more likely to be egalitarians whereas right-leaning voters are more likely to be efficiency minded; and v) young and highly-educated participants hold different fairness ideals than the rest of the population. Moreover, we show that the fairness ideals predict preferences for redistribution and interven- tion by the government, as well as actual charitable giving, even after controlling for a range of covariates. Hence, our paper contributes to our understanding of the underpinnings of voting behavior and ideological preferences, as well the literature that links lab and field behavior.

Keywords: Distributional fairness; impartial spectator; representative sample; po- litical attitudes; voting behavior; lab to field (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C90 D31 D63 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-bec, nep-cbe, nep-hpe and nep-pol
Date: 2019-08
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