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Income-related health inequality in urban China (1991-2015): The role of homeownership and housing conditions

Peng Nie (), Andrew Clarck (), Conchita D'Ambrosio () and Lanlin Ding
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Andrew Clarck: Paris School of Economics
Lanlin Ding: Xi'an Jiaotong University

No 524, Working Papers from ECINEQ, Society for the Study of Economic Inequality

Abstract: We analyze 1991-2015 data from the China Health and Nutrition Survey to ask how housing affects income-related health inequalities in urban China. We use the Erreygers Index (EI) to measure the health gradient, and apply a re-centered influence function (RIF) decomposition to estimate its determinants. We find pro-rich inequalities in self- reported health between 2000 and 2015 but pro-poor inequalities in objective health between 1991 and 2015. Housing conditions serve to reduce the health gradient, and especially that for objective health. Homeownership, however, exacerbates the health gradient. Improving housing conditions thus appears to be an effective way of reducing the income-health gradient in urban China.

Keywords: Income-related health inequality; housing conditions; homeownership; decomposition; urban China. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D63 I10 I12 R21 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 35 pages
Date: 2020-03
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cna, nep-hea, nep-tra and nep-ure
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:inq:inqwps:ecineq2020-524

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