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The earnings effects of occupational segregation in Europe: The role of gender and migration status

Amaia Palencia-Esteban () and Coral del Rio Otero ()
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Amaia Palencia-Esteban: Universidade de Vigo

No 533, Working Papers from ECINEQ, Society for the Study of Economic Inequality

Abstract: The concentration of different social groups in certain occupations creates and perpetuates inequalities inside and outside the labor market. This paper quantifies the economic and well-being consequences of occupational segregation by gender and migration status in 12 European countries. The effects are negative for most foreign workers, especially for women, who always derive larger welfare losses than men. In general, these losses are remarkably high in southeast Europe and smaller in the northwest, whereas immigrant men derive very small gains in Portugal and the UK. Female natives are also deprived in most countries. However, immigrants’ characteristics, particularly education, explain a significant part of these geographical disparities. In fact, while the UK is in a somewhat better position thanks to its immigrants' higher educational levels, the counterfactual analysis reinforces Portugal's good position, reflecting higher levels of labor market integration among its immigrant population.

Keywords: Occupational segregation; welfare; gender; immigration; Europe. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D63 F22 J10 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 41 pages
Date: 2020-05
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-eur, nep-lab, nep-ltv and nep-mig
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