Lives and Livelihoods: Estimates of the Global Mortality and Poverty Effects of the Covid-19 Pandemic
Benoît Decerf (),
Francisco Ferreira (),
Daniel Mahler () and
Olivier Sterck ()
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Daniel Mahler: World Bank
No 542, Working Papers from ECINEQ, Society for the Study of Economic Inequality
This paper evaluates the global welfare consequences of increases in mortality and poverty generated by the Covid-19 pandemic. Increases in mortality are measured in terms of the number of years of life lost (LY) to the pandemic. Additional years spent in poverty (PY) are conservatively estimated using growth estimates for 2020 and two different scenarios for its distributional characteristics. Using years of life as a welfare metric yields a single parameter that captures the underlying trade-off between lives and livelihoods: how many PYs have the same welfare cost as one LY. Taking an agnostic view of this parameter, estimates of LYs and PYs are compared across countries for different scenarios. Three main findings arise. First, as of early June 2020, the pandemic (and the observed private and policy responses) has generated at least 68 million additional poverty years and 4.3 million years of life lost across 150 countries. The ratio of PYs to LYs is very large in most countries, suggesting that the poverty consequences of the crisis are of paramount importance. Second, this ratio declines systematically with GDP per capita: poverty accounts for a much greater share of the welfare costs in poorer countries. Finally, the dominance of poverty over mortality is reversed in a counterfactual ``herd immunity" scenario: without any policy intervention, LYs tend to be greater than PYs, and the overall welfare losses are greater.
Keywords: Covid-19; welfare; poverty; mortality. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D63 I15 I32 O15 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 37 pages
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Working Paper: Lives and livelihoods: estimates of the global mortality and poverty effects of the Covid-19 pandemic (2020)
Working Paper: Lives and Livelihoods: Estimates of the Global Mortality and Poverty Effects of the COVID-19 Pandemic (2020)
Working Paper: Lives and Livelihoods: Estimates of the Global Mortality and Poverty Effects of the Covid-19 Pandemic (2020)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:inq:inqwps:ecineq2020-542
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