Inequality of Opportunity in Educational Achievement in Western Europe: contributors and channels
Gustavo Marrero (),
Juan C. Palomino () and
Gabriela Sicilia ()
Additional contact information
Juan C. Palomino: University of Oxford
Gabriela Sicilia: Universidad de La Laguna
No 612, Working Papers from ECINEQ, Society for the Study of Economic Inequality
Evidence on inequality of opportunity in terms of educational achievement (IOpE) has not yet explored the relevance of different contributors and channels. Using the latest microdata from the 2018 Programme for International Student Assessment, we find that IOpE accounts, on average, for 32% of total educational inequality in Western Europe, with substantial variation across countries. Differences in householdsâ€™ cultural environment and in parental occupation are the most important contributors, with schoolâ€™s characteristics being also relevant in Central Europe. We then estimate for the first time the role of channelling variables in translating differences in circumstances into different educational achievement. In most countries, studentsâ€™ educational and occupational expectations, their reading habits and skills, and the repetition of previous courses are the most influential channels. These findings provide policymakers with key insights to design educational interventions to effectively increase educational -and, ultimately, social- opportunities across European countries.
Keywords: Education systems; Inequality of opportunity; Channels of transmission; Western Europe (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D63 I24 I28 O52 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 39 pages
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-edu and nep-eur
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
http://www.ecineq.org/milano/WP/ECINEQ2022-612.pdf First version, 2022 (application/pdf)
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:inq:inqwps:ecineq2022-612
Access Statistics for this paper
More papers in Working Papers from ECINEQ, Society for the Study of Economic Inequality Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Maria Ana Lugo ().