Lobbying for Trade Liberalization and its Policy Influence
Yuting Gao ()
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Yuting Gao: Indiana University, Department of Economics
CAEPR Working Papers from Center for Applied Economics and Policy Research, Department of Economics, Indiana University Bloomington
Lobbying activities are important to the promotion of Free Trade Agreements (FTAs). I quantify the influence of lobbying on ratification probability of FTA by constructing a novel dataset containing all lobbying activities about FTAs in the United States. I setup a contest model of lobbying where heterogeneous players choose lobbying expenditures to affect the ratification probability of FTAs. I use structural gravity estimation to predict the trade profit gains from FTAs and use Maximum Likelihood estimation to back out the ratification probabilities. Results show that lobbying expenditures in manufacturing sector increase ratification probability by 21 percentage points on average, and the expected gains from lobbying are five times of the lobbying expenditures on average. Additionally, free riding lowers lobbying expenditures by 40%. These findings highlight the effects of lobbying on the formation of international agreements.
Keywords: lobbying; free trade agreement; trade liberalization; contest model (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 51 pages
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-int and nep-pol
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:inu:caeprp:2022006
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