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Evolução da Pobreza Extrema e da Desigualdade de Renda na Bahia: 1995 a 2009

Rafael Osorio and Pedro Souza

No 1696, Discussion Papers from Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada - IPEA

Abstract: O objetivo deste trabalho é documentar a evolução da pobreza extrema e da desigualdade na Bahia. A pobreza extrema e a desigualdade de renda na Bahia tiveram duas quedas expressivas de 1995 a 2009, em períodos coincidentes, mas de extensão temporal diferente. A primeira queda ocorreu a partir de 1996. No caso da pobreza extrema, foi uma queda abrupta de 1996 a 1997, enquanto a desigualdade prosseguiu em queda até 1999. Depois de 1997 e 1999, respectivamente, ambas se estabilizaram até 2003, quando ocorreu a segunda queda. Desta feita, a desigualdade caiu abruptamente de 2003 a 2004, e a pobreza extrema esteve em queda até 2006. Após a segunda queda, ficaram no novo patamar até 2009. A desigualdade medida pelo coeficiente de Gini estacionou em torno de 0,55, e a taxa de pobreza extrema, em torno de 10% da população estadual. Herein a characterization of the evolution of extreme poverty and income inequality in Bahia is presented. Extreme poverty and income inequality in Bahia fell twice from 1995 to 2009, in roughly the same periods, but at different pace. The first fall begins in 1996. For extreme poverty, it was a sudden fall ending in 1997, whilst inequality kept falling till 1999. After 1997 e 1999, extreme poverty and income inequality were stagnant up to 2003, when the second fall starts. This time, the income inequality fall was abrupt and ended in 2004, while extreme poverty diminished until 2006. The second fall took both to a lower level where they remained in 2009. Inequality measured by the Gini coefficient was stable about 0,55, and the extreme poverty rate was around 10% of the state population.

Pages: 48 pages
Date: 2012-01
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