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COVID-19 and (gender) inequality in income: the impact of discretionary policy measures in Austria

Michael Christl (), Silvia De Poli, Denes Kucsera () and Hanno Lorenz

No 2021-05, JRC Working Papers on Taxation & Structural Reforms from Joint Research Centre (Seville site)

Abstract: This paper analyzes the impact of the COVID-19 crisis on household income in Austria, using detailed administrative labor market data, in combination with micro-simulation techniques, that enable specific labor market transitions to be modeled. We find that discretionary fiscal policy measures in Austria are key to counteracting the inequality- and poverty-enhancing effect of COVID-19. Additionally, we find that females tend to experience a greater loss in terms of market income. The Austrian tax-benefit system, however, reduces this gender differences. Disposable income has dropped by around 1% for both males and females. By comparison, males profit mainly from short-time work scheme, while females profit especially from other discretionary policy measures, such as the one-off payment for children.

Keywords: COVID-19; EUROMOD; microsimulation; short-time work; automatic stabilisers (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D31 E24 H24 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021-07
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-eur and nep-mac
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Related works:
Journal Article: COVID-19 and (gender) inequality in income: the impact of discretionary policy measures in Austria (2022) Downloads
Working Paper: COVID-19 and (gender) inequality in income: The impact of discretionary policy measures in Austria (2021) Downloads
Working Paper: COVID-19 and (gender) inequality in income: the impact of discretionary policy measures in Austria (2021) Downloads
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