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The Politicization of Transatlantic Trade in Europe: Explaining Inconsistent Preferences Regarding Free Trade and the TTIP

Aleksandra Sojka (), Jorge Diaz-Lanchas () and Federico Steinberg ()
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Aleksandra Sojka: Department of Social Sciences, Carlos III University in Madrid, Spain.
Federico Steinberg: Autonomous University of Madrid & Elcano Royal Institute, Madrid, Spain

No 2019-09, JRC Working Papers on Territorial Modelling and Analysis from Joint Research Centre (Seville site)

Abstract: The Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) generated an unprecedented contestation across Europe. In this paper, we focus on the sources of such backlash and analyze opinions on free trade and the specific agreement. Not accounting for the fact that these preferences are correlated could lead to biased conclusions about their determinants. To remediate this, we construct a set of bivariate probit models and calculate joint probabilities for the different types of preference configurations. We validate that support for free trade and support for the TTIP have similar, but not identical foundations. Inconsistent preferences are rooted in individual values, EU attitudes, and political cues, as well as treaty partner heuristics. Our innovative empirical approach offers an improved understanding of trade attitudes within EU's multilevel context.

Keywords: Rhomolo; Region; Free Trade; Public Opinion; TTIP (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F60 F68 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 43 pages
Date: 2019-09
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-int
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