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Is innovation in ICT valuable for the efficiency of Italian museums?

Calogero Guccio (), Marco Ferdinando Martorana (), Isidoro Mazza (), Giacomo Pignataro () and Ilde Rizzo ()
Additional contact information
Giacomo Pignataro: Università di Catania e Politecnico di Milano
Ilde Rizzo: Università di Catania

Working papers from Società Italiana di Economia Pubblica

Abstract: This paper investigates the influence of information and communication technologies (ICT) on the efficiency in attracting visitors of Italian museums. Notwithstanding the extensive literature on museum performance measurement, the analysis of the role of technological innovation is relatively neglected. As a first attempt to fill this lacuna, this study presents a two-stage analysis of a novel sample of Italian state-owned museums built by merging information drawn from different sources. In the first stage, we use Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) and bootstrapping technique to measure the efficiency of museums. In the second stage, we use a bootstrap truncated regression approach to test the extent to which different forms of ICT affect museum efficiency. We distinguish the ICT investments into in situ and online services, since the former improve the visitors’ experience on site, while the latter can prepare for the visit or, even, be a substitute of the visit. The results reveal that the use of ICT is generally associated with better performances but in situ services shows to play a major role.

Keywords: museums; ICT, technological innovation, efficiency, Data Envelopment Analysis, bootstrap truncated regression (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C14 C61 I21 Z1 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020-09
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cse, nep-eff, nep-ict and nep-sbm
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