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Urbanization in Ecuador: An overview using the FUA definition

Moisés Obaco () and Juan Pablo Díaz-Sánchez ()
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Moisés Obaco: AQR-IREA, University of Barcelona, Av. Diagonal 690 (08034), Barcelona, Spain.
Juan Pablo Díaz-Sánchez: Escuela Politécnica Nacional, Facultad de Ciencias, Quito, Ecuador.

No 201814, IREA Working Papers from University of Barcelona, Research Institute of Applied Economics

Abstract: This paper presents an overview of the urbanization in Ecuador during the period 1950 – 2010. First, it is shown that Ecuador does not follow a suitable definition of urban areas, then the idea of Functional Urban Areas (FUAs) definition is introduced. In this line, 28 FUAs in Ecuador are analyzed. When Ecuadorian FUAs population evolution over time is explored, it is possible to observe that the urbanization of Ecuador had its peak between 1960 and 1980. Moreover, the highest increase of population in recent decades is mostly driven by the urban growth of small FUAs. In addition, the analysis suggests that the FUAs in Ecuador are in line with the size and structure of the FUAs of a similar developing country, Colombia, and the whole OECD sample of FUAs. Finally, it is pointed that the population of Ecuador is concentrated in the FUAs of metropolitan size (1.5 million of inhabitants or more), which are below the average of the metropolitan areas of the OECD.

Keywords: Developing economies; Ecuador; FUAs; OECD; Urbanization. JEL classification:R12; R23. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-knm and nep-ure
Date: 2018-06, Revised 2018-10
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