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Competition in tourism arrivals – A multidimensional index of geographical structural similarity

Nuno Crespo (), Nadia Simoes () and José Duarte

No 13-05, Working Papers Series 2 from ISCTE-IUL, Business Research Unit (BRU-IUL)

Abstract: Given the economic importance of the tourism sector, countries actively compete for attracting tourism flows. In a bilateral perspective, an important determinant of the degree of competition is the geographical structure of tourism inflows, i.e., the relative importance of the different source countries. A higher overlap of these flows indicates greater competition. The goal of the present study is to propose a methodological approach to quantify this overlap. Taking some indicators traditionally used in international trade analysis as inspiration, we propose a methodology that measures, for each pair of countries, the degree of similarity between the geographical structures of tourism inflows. The methodology takes a multidimensional concept of structural similarity in order to incorporate relevant dimensions of international tourism flows today.

Keywords: Tourism flows; Arrivals; Geographical similarity; Competitiveness; Index (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F14 L83 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2013-07-26
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cse, nep-geo, nep-int and nep-tur
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