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Assessing productivity performance of basic and secondary education in Tunisia: a Malmquist analysis

Antonio Afonso, Mohamed Ayadi () and Sourour Ramzi

No 2013/19, Working Papers Department of Economics from ISEG - Lisbon School of Economics and Management, Department of Economics, Universidade de Lisboa

Abstract: We analyze the productivity changes in basic and secondary education for 24 governorates in Tunisia over the period 2004-2008. In methodological term, we employ the Malmquist index, to estimate changes in total factor productivity which can be decomposed into two main components namely, technological change and technical efficiency change. We use four input variables (number of teacher per students, number of classes per students, number of schools per inhabitants, and expenditure in education per student) and two output variables measuring success rate of baccalaureate exam and rate of non-doubling in the 9th year. Our results show that on average, changes in TFP growth during the period 2004-2008 has been more linked to the changes in technology. The managerial efficiency does not have an important effect on the variation of TFP change. Generally, productivity is associated with technological innovations

Keywords: basic and secondary education; productivity change; efficiency change; DEA; Malmquist index. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C61 D24 I21 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ara, nep-edu and nep-eff
Date: 2013-12
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More papers in Working Papers Department of Economics from ISEG - Lisbon School of Economics and Management, Department of Economics, Universidade de Lisboa Department of Economics, ISEG - Lisbon School of Economics and Management, Universidade de Lisboa, Rua do Quelhas 6, 1200-781 LISBON, PORTUGAL.
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