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Financial development and macroeconomic performance: a panel data approach

Candida Ferreira ()

No 2021/0173, Working Papers REM from ISEG - Lisbon School of Economics and Management, REM, Universidade de Lisboa

Abstract: Using panel fixed and random effects estimations as well as panel dynamic GMM estimations this paper analyses the contribution of the financial development, measured through the nine IMF financial development indices, to five macro performance indicators. The paper considers a panel with 46 developed countries, and a panel including only the sub-sample of the 28 EU countries, both over the interval 1990-2017. There are no remarkable differences between the results obtained for the two panels, and despite the lack of full convergence regarding the sign and strength of all estimation results, it is still possible to conclude that the IMF financial development indices have a dynamic and robust influence on all the five macro performance indicators. Overall, these indices contribute positively to the real GDP and negatively to the deflator, to the unemployment rate, to the current account, as well as to the net international investment position. There is also evidence that the results regarding the indices related to the different aspects of the financial institutions (access, depth, and efficiency) are statistically more robust than the results regarding the indices addressing the same aspects of the financial institutions.

Keywords: Financial development; IMF financial development indices; macroeconomic performance; panel estimations; fixed and random effects estimations; panel dynamic GMM estimations. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C33 E02 E44 G20 O43 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021-04
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cwa, nep-fdg and nep-mac
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:ise:remwps:wp01732021

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