EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

Public Health Insurance Expansions and Hospital Technology Adoption

Seth Freedman, Haizhen Lin () and Kosali Simon
Additional contact information
Kosali Simon: School of Public and Environmental Affairs, Indiana University

No 2014-04, Working Papers from Indiana University, Kelley School of Business, Department of Business Economics and Public Policy

Abstract: This paper explores the effects of public health insurance expansions on hospitals’ decisions to adopt medical technology. Specifically, we test whether the expansion of Medicaid eligibility for pregnant women during the 1980s and 1990s affects hospitals’ decisions to adopt neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). While the Medicaid expansion provided new insurance to a substantial number of pregnant women, prior literature also finds that some newly insured women would otherwise have been covered by more generously reimbursed private sources. This leads to a theoretically ambiguous net effect of Medicaid expansion on a hospital’s incentive to invest in technology. Using American Hospital Association data, we find that on average, Medicaid expansion has no statistically significant effect on NICU adoption. However, we find that in geographic areas where more of the newly Medicaid-insured may have come from the privately insured population, Medicaid expansion slows NICU adoption. This holds true particularly when Medicaid payment rates are very low relative to private payment rates. This finding is consistent with prior evidence on reduced NICU adoption from increased managed-care penetration. We conclude by providing suggestive evidence on the health impacts of this deceleration of NICU diffusion, and by discussing the policy implications of our work for insurance expansions associated with the Affordable Care Act.

JEL-codes: I11 I13 I18 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2014-05
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-hea and nep-ias
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (3)

Downloads: (external link)
http://kelley.iu.edu/riharbau/RePEc/iuk/wpaper/bep ... eedman-lin-simon.pdf (application/pdf)

Related works:
Journal Article: Public health insurance expansions and hospital technology adoption (2015) Downloads
Working Paper: Public Health Insurance Expansions and Hospital Technology Adoption (2014) Downloads
Working Paper: Public Health Insurance Expansions and Hospital Technology Adoption (2012) Downloads
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:iuk:wpaper:2014-04

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in Working Papers from Indiana University, Kelley School of Business, Department of Business Economics and Public Policy Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Rick Harbaugh ().

 
Page updated 2024-07-17
Handle: RePEc:iuk:wpaper:2014-04