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Sustainable-settlement criteria, eco-cities and prospects in Central and Eastern Europe

Tamás Fleischer

No 145, IWE Working Papers from Institute for World Economics - Centre for Economic and Regional Studies

Abstract: Eco-city movements constitute a special segment of the sustainable settlement aspirations. Using the classification devised by Mark Roseland, the paper established that the eco-city movement aims at achieving a new, consistent urban solution, while trying also to implement this solution in practice. The movement itself can be traced back to the 1970s in Berkeley, California. Since 1990, a series of international conferences has helped those following this approach to exchange experiences internationally. Eco-city models make efforts to create comprehensive solutions, so that their approach amalgamates the social (community, cultural), economic and ecological dimensions. Implementing solutions in practice requires a manageable, people-centred scale and participants who handle it as their own objective. These conditions make eco-city initiatives territorially limited sustainability experiments.

Keywords: CEE transition countries; social changes; sustainability; eco-city movement; urban life; ecology; environmental changes (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 17 pages
Date: 2004-06
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