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Indirect FDI, Some Lessons Learned

Kálmán Kalotay ()
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Kálmán Kalotay: Institute of World Economics, Centre for Economic and Regional Studies, Eötvös Loránd Research Centre

No 272, IWE Working Papers from Institute for World Economics - Centre for Economic and Regional Studies

Abstract: This review presents some lessons learned about indirect foreign direct investment (FDI), mostly over the past decade. Indirect FDI denotes investment projects, in which the ultimate owner is different from the immediate investor. The reviewcategorizes the literature of the 2010s and early 2020s into three main threads: one focusing on the developmental aspects of the phenomenon, another one with a fiscal–legal–regulatory approach, and a third one raising questions about the quality and reliability of FDI data or special aspects such as the relationship between sanctions and outward FDI. This review also highlights improvements in FDI data collection on ultimate investors over the past decade, based on the example of three Visegrad countries. In this respect, important progress has been achieved. Prospects for future research on indirect FDI are quite promising, especially via interdisciplinary approaches and aiming at improving the coverage and the quality of relevant data.Ultimately, the quality of the evaluation of indirect FDI hinges, more than anything, on the availability of empirical evidence.

Keywords: indirect FDI; round tripping; transhipped FDI; ultimate investors; taxation; investment treaties (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F21 F23 H26 H71 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 27 pages
Date: 2023-06
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-int
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