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Job Networks in Ýzmir: Why are Migrants Different?

Alper Duman and Idil Goksel

No 1502, Working Papers from Izmir University of Economics

Abstract: The aim of this paper is to investigate the network effect on the probability of finding employment. This paper uses a specific data set from the Izmir region, prepared by the Turkish Statistical Institute for a specific project carried out by Izmir University of Economics in cooperation with the Izmir Chamber of Commerce, the Izmir branch of theTurkish Statistical Institute and the Turkish Labour Institute. Izmir, the third biggest city in Turkey, attracts both skilled and unskilled migrants, and has become one of the preferred destinations for migrants. The relative success of migrants in employment relates to their use of job search channels. We differentiate job search channels into formal/individual, and network forms. The latter refers to the job referral or job information diffusion through relatives and acquaintances. We find that migrants benefit from a comparative advantage in the usage of the network channel. Moreover, this network advantage is more robust for less educated workers.

Keywords: Social networks; migrants; Izmir (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D83 J15 J61 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 19 pages
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ara, nep-cwa, nep-mig, nep-soc and nep-ure
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Working Paper: Job Networks in Izmir: Why are Migrants Different? (2013) Downloads
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