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In Utero Ramadan Exposure and Children’s Academic Performance

Douglas Almond, Bhashkar Mazumder () and Reyn Van Ewijk

No 1410, Working Papers from Gutenberg School of Management and Economics, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz

Abstract: We consider the effects of daytime fasting by pregnant women during the lunar month of Ramadan on their children's test scores at age seven. Using English register data, we find that scores are .05 to .08 standard deviations lower for Pakistani and Bangladeshi students exposed to Ramadan in early pregnancy. These estimates are downward biased to the extent that Ramadan is not universally observed. We conclude that the effects of prenatal investments on test scores are comparable to many conventional educational interventions but are likely to be more cost effective and less subject to "fade out". gains.

Keywords: ramadan; fasting; test scores; developmental origins (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 36 pages
Date: 2014-09-18, Revised 2014-09-18
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-hea
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https://download.uni-mainz.de/RePEc/pdf/Discussion_Paper_1410.pdf First version, 2014 (application/pdf)

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Journal Article: In Utero Ramadan Exposure and Children's Academic Performance (2015) Downloads
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