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Motivating Low-Achievers—Relative Performance Feedback in Primary Schools

Henning Hermes, Martin Huschens (), Franz Rothlauf () and Daniel Schunk ()
Additional contact information
Martin Huschens: Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz
Franz Rothlauf: Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz

No 1908, Working Papers from Gutenberg School of Management and Economics, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz

Abstract: Relative performance feedback ( RPF ) has often been shown to improve effort and performance in the workplace and educational settings. Yet, many studies also document substantial negative effects of RPF, in particular for low-achievers. We study a novel type of RPF designed to overcome these negative effects of RPF on low-achievers by scoring individual performance improvements. With a sample of about 400 children, we conduct a class-wise randomized-controlled trial in regular teaching lessons in primary schools. We demonstrate that this type of RPF significantly increases motivation, effort, and performance in math for low-achieving children, without hurting high-achieving children. Among low-achievers, those receiving more points and moving up in the ranking improved strongest on motivation and math performance. In addition, we document substantial gender differences in response to this type of RPF: improvements in motivation and learning are much stronger for girls. We argue that using this novel type of RPF could potentially reduce inequalities, especially in educational settings.

Keywords: relative performance feedback; rankings; randomized-controlled trial; education; gender differences; inequality (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 60 pages
Date: 2019-06-23
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-exp, nep-gen, nep-hrm and nep-ure
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https://download.uni-mainz.de/RePEc/pdf/Discussion_Paper_1908.pdf First version, 2019 (application/pdf)

Related works:
Working Paper: Motivating Low-Achievers – Relative Performance Feedback in Primary Schools (2020) Downloads
Working Paper: Motivating Low-Achievers—Relative Performance Feedback in Primary Schools (2019) Downloads
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