Brain Drain and Brain Return: Theory and Application to Eastern-Western Europe
Karin Mayr-Dorn () and
Giovanni Peri ()
No 2009-19, NRN working papers from The Austrian Center for Labor Economics and the Analysis of the Welfare State, Johannes Kepler University Linz, Austria
Recent empirical evidence seems to show that temporary migration is a widespread phenomenon, espe- cially among highly skilled workers who return to their countries of origin when these begin to grow. This paper develops a simple, tractable overlapping generations model that provides a rationale for return migra- tion and predicts who will migrate and who returns among agents with heterogeneous abilities. The model also incorporates the interaction between the migration decision and schooling: the possibility of migrating, albeit temporarily, to a country with high returns to skills produces positive schooling incentive effects. We use parameter values from the literature and data on return migration to simulate the model for the Eastern-Western European case. We then quantify the effects that increased openness (to migrants) would have on human capital and wages in Eastern Europe. We find that, for plausible values of the parameters, the possibility of return migration combined with the education incentive channel reverses the brain drain into a significant brain gain for Eastern Europe.
Keywords: Skilled Migration; Return Migration; Returns to Education; Eastern-Western Europe (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F22 J61 O15 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 34 pages
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dge, nep-edu, nep-eec, nep-hrm, nep-lab, nep-mig and nep-tra
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Journal Article: Brain Drain and Brain Return: Theory and Application to Eastern-Western Europe (2009)
Working Paper: Brain Drain and Brain Return: Theory and Application to Eastern-Western Europe (2009)
Working Paper: Brain drain and Brain Return: Theory and Application to Eastern-Western Europe (2009)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:jku:nrnwps:2009_19
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