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How Does Industry Specialization Affect the Efficiency of Regional Innovation Systems?

Michael Fritsch and Viktor Slavtchev

No 2008-058, Jena Economics Research Papers from Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena

Abstract: This study analyzes the relationship between the specialization of a region in certain industries and the efficiency of the region in generating new knowledge. The efficiency measure is constructed by relating regional R&D input and output. An inversely u-shaped relationship is found between regional specialization and R&D efficiency, indicating the presence of externalities of both Marshall and Jacobs’ type. Further factors influencing efficiency are spillovers within the private sector as well as from public research institutions. The impact of both the specialization and the additional factors is, however, different for regions at different efficiency levels.

Keywords: Efficiency; innovation; spillovers; patents; regional analysis. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: O18 O31 R12 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2008-07-17
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cse, nep-eff, nep-geo, nep-ino, nep-ipr, nep-pr~, nep-knm, nep-tid and nep-ure
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Citations: View citations in EconPapers (4)

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Journal Article: How does industry specialization affect the efficiency of regional innovation systems? (2010) Downloads
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