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Approaching the Agora - Determinants of Scientists' Intentions to Purse Academic Entrepreneurship

Maximilian Goethner (), Martin Obschonka, Rainer K. Silbereisen and Uwe Cantner ()
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Maximilian Goethner: Friedrich Schiller University Jena, Department of Economics, DFG RTG 1411 "The Economics of Innovative Change"
Martin Obschonka: Friedrich Schiller University Jena, Department of Developmental Psychology
Rainer K. Silbereisen: Friedrich Schiller University Jena, Department of Developmental Psychology

Authors registered in the RePEc Author Service: Maximilian Göthner ()

No 2009-079, Jena Economic Research Papers from Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena

Abstract: This study investigates predictors of scientists' intentions to commercialize their research through business founding. Analyzing a cross-sectional sample of 496 German scientists, we develop and test an intentions-based model of academic entrepreneurship combining personal and contextual factors. Empirical results demonstrate that intentions to start a science-based new venture are shaped by some personal characteristics (i.e., personal attitudes toward research commercialization, entrepreneurial control-beliefs, entrepreneurial self-identity, and prior entrepreneurial experience). Moreover, we find that the research context itself - i.e., normative influences of academic workplace peers - does not show a strong direct effect on entrepreneurial intentions. Moderator analyses deliver that peers have an influence primarily by person-context interactions via scientists' sense of identification with these peers. A mediation analysis further indicates that gender-related differences in entrepreneurial control-beliefs might help explain the widely-observed low proportion of female scientist-entrepreneurs.

Keywords: Academic entrepreneurship; Entrepreneurial intentions; Entrepreneurial scientist; University-industry technology transfer; Theory of planned behavior; Gender (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: L26 O33 O38 I23 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2009-10-02
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ent and nep-sbm
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