Migration restrictions and long-term regional development: evidence from large-scale expulsions of Germans after World War II
Michael Wyrwich ()
No 2018-002, Jena Economic Research Papers from Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena
Migration restrictions are a hotly debated topic in the current refugee crisis in Europe. This paper investigates the long-term effect of a restrictive migration policy on regional development. The analysis is based on the large-scale expulsion of Germans from Central and Eastern Europe after World War II (WWII). Expellees were not allowed to resettle in the French occupation zone in the first years after the War while there was no such legislation in the other occupation zones (U.S.; U.K; Soviet Union). The temporary migration barrier had long-lasting consequences. In a nutshell, results of a Difference-in-Difference (DiD) analysis show that growth of population has been significantly lower in the long run, if a region was part of the French occupation zone. Even 60 years after the removal of the barrier the degree of agglomeration is still significantly lower in these areas. The paper discusses implications for the current refugee crisis.
Keywords: Migration barrier; population shock; refugee migration; long-term regional development (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J11 J61 N34 R11 R23 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-geo, nep-his, nep-mig and nep-ure
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
Our link check indicates that this URL is bad, the error code is: 403 Forbidden
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:jrp:jrpwrp:2018-002
Access Statistics for this paper
More papers in Jena Economic Research Papers from Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Markus Pasche ().