Smart Specialization Strategies at National, Regional, or Local Levels? Synergy and Policy-making in German Systems of Innovation
Henriette Ruhrmann (),
Michael Fritsch and
Loet Leydesdorff ()
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Henriette Ruhrmann: Technical University of Berlin
No 2020-007, Jena Economics Research Papers from Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena
Employing a quantitative, data-driven tool - the Triple Helix Indicator - to microdata of firms in Germany, we develop an evidence base for innovation-policy strategies. We aim to answer the question which level of government (local, regional, national) might be most effective for strategic innovation policy-making based on smart specialization in Germany. The empirical results show that the country is decentralized to the extent that it cannot be considered a "national" innovation system. More than two-thirds of innovation-system synergy is generated at the lower levels of districts (NUTS3) and Governmental Regions (NUTS2). In high-tech and medium-tech manufacturing, former East and West Germany, as well as North and South Germany, can be considered separate sub-national innovation systems. These findings strengthen the case for region- and context-specific innovation policies. The results illustrate the value of the Triple Helix Indicator for systematic regional mapping and serve as evidence for policy-makers to expand RIS3 policy strategies to the regional and local level in Germany.
Keywords: Innovation systems; Triple Helix; Germany; Redundancy; Synergy (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: O30 O38 O52 R11 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cse, nep-eur, nep-gen, nep-geo, nep-ino, nep-sbm, nep-tid and nep-ure
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:jrp:jrpwrp:2020-007
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