Civil War, Sexual Violence and HIV Infections: Evidence from the Democratic Republic of the Congo
Isaac Kanyama ()
No 201101, WORKING PAPERS SERIES IN THEORETICAL AND APPLIED ECONOMICS from University of Kansas, Department of Economics
This paper estimates the effect of conflict and conflict-related vulnerability factors, namely sexual violence and economic vulnerability, on HIV prevalence rates. We find that HIV prevalence rates are higher in conflict-affected regions of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) than in non-conflict regions, and that sexual violence and economic vulnerability significantly affect HIV prevalence rates. Specifically we find that (i) HIV prevalence is 1.64 % higher in war-affected zones than elsewhere in the DRC; (ii) the impact of sexual violence in conflict-affected regions is 55 times greater than on average (1.10 % versus 0.02 %); (iii) Civil war and sexual violence jointly increase HIV infection rates by 1.45 %; (iv) Finally, economic conflict-related vulnerability does not explain HIV infection rates. In contrast, a one percent point decrease in the poverty incidence, that is a reduction in economic vulnerability, increases HIV prevalence rates by 0.048 % regardless of the situation of conflict.
Keywords: AIDS; HIV; Civil war; sexual violence; DRC; Sub-Saharan Africa. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 25 pages
Date: 2011-01, Revised 2011-01
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-afr, nep-dev and nep-hea
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Journal Article: Civil War, Sexual Violence and HIV Infections: Evidence from the Democratic Republic of the Congo (2010)
Working Paper: Civil war, sexual violence and HIV infections: Evidence from the Democratic Republic of the Congo (2010)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:kan:wpaper:201101
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