Efficient Combined Estimation under Structural Breaks
Tae Hwy Lee,
Shahnaz Parsaeian and
No 202107, WORKING PAPERS SERIES IN THEORETICAL AND APPLIED ECONOMICS from University of Kansas, Department of Economics
Hashem Pesaran has made many seminal contributions, among others, in the time series econometrics estimation and forecasting under structural break, see Pesaran and Timmermann (2005, 2007), Pesaran et al. (2006), and Pesaran et al. (2013). In our paper here we focus on the estimation of regression parameters under multiple structural breaks with heteroskedasticity across regimes. We propose a combined estimator of regression parameters based on combining restricted estimator under the situation that there is no break in the parameters, with unrestricted estimator under the break. The operational optimal combination weight is between zero and one. The analytical finite sample risk is derived, and it is shown that the risk of the proposed combined estimator is lower than that of the unrestricted estimator under any break size and break points. Further, we show that the combined estimator outperforms over the unrestricted estimator in terms of the mean squared forecast errors. Properties of the estimator is also demonstrated in simulations. Finally, empirical illustrations for parameter estimators and forecasts are presented through macroeconomic and financial data sets.
Keywords: Structural breaks; Combined estimator (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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