EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

The Bright and Dark Side of Financial Support from Local and Central Banks after a Natural Disaster: Evidence from the Great Kanto Earthquake, 1923 Japan

Tetsuji Okazaki, Toshihiro Okubo () and Eric Strobl
Additional contact information
Tetsuji Okazaki: Graduate School of Economics, University of Tokyo
Eric Strobl: Department of Economics, Bern University

No 2020-001, Keio-IES Discussion Paper Series from Institute for Economics Studies, Keio University

Abstract: Natural disasters seriously damage firms and banks. The ability to finance recovery is a key factor for damaged firms to survive and grow after the event. However, small- and medium-sized firms are financially constrained and largely depend on local banks. In this paper, we focus on the Great Kanto Earthquake of 1923, which resulted in serious damage to small- and medium-sized firms and banks in Yokohama City. The crucial solutions were the provision of loans by local banks as well as the Earthquake Bills policy implemented by the Bank of Japan. Using firm- and bank level datasets, we find that larger local banks allowed damaged firms to survive and grow. The policy by the Bank of Japan mitigated the negative impact of bank damage on firms and prevented credit crunch, although this deteriorated the balance sheet of local banks and resulted in financial instability and a banking crisis as a side effect.

Keywords: Great Kanto Earthquake; Earthquake Bills; Local Bank; Natural Disaster; Japan (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: G21 N25 N85 R10 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 41 pages
Date: 2020-01-13
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-his and nep-ure
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
http://ies.keio.ac.jp/upload/pdf/en/DP2020-001.pdf (application/pdf)

Related works:
Working Paper: The Bright and Dark Side of Financial Support from Local and Central Banks after a Natural Disaster: Evidence from the Great Kanto Earthquake, 1923 Japan (2021) Downloads
Working Paper: The Bright and Dark Side of Financial Support from Local and Central Banks after a Natural Disaster: Evidence from the Great Kanto Earthquake, 1923 Japan (2021) Downloads
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:keo:dpaper:2020-001

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in Keio-IES Discussion Paper Series from Institute for Economics Studies, Keio University Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Institute for Economics Studies, Keio University ().

 
Page updated 2021-11-30
Handle: RePEc:keo:dpaper:2020-001