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The Postwar West German Economic Transition: From Ordoliberalism to Keynesianism

Johannes R. B. Rittershausen

No 01/2007, IWP Discussion Paper Series from Institute for Economic Policy, Cologne, Germany

Abstract: The Federal Republic of Germany has experienced a fundamental shift in economic philosophy from Ordoliberalism to Keynesianism. This paper elucidates the main tenets of both schools of thought and their eventual influences on economic policy from 1945 through the late 1960s. West Germany’s transition to Keynesianism follows a relatively cohesive narrative, as the complexities of event history resonate to similar effect in academic and political spheres. By the end of this investigation, intellectual quagmires surrounding economic successes of the postwar period appear as the logical consequences of an academic community that underestimates the importance of normative economic philosophy for policy implementation and society writ large. Reconnecting historical narrative with economic philosophy thus serves in a dual capacity, clarifying a particularly controversial period in economic historiography while also illuminating the underlying problems of our present circumstance.

Keywords: Economic History; Ordoliberalism; Keynesianism; German Economic Reform (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: B00 B30 B40 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2007-01
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-his, nep-hpe and nep-pke
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Citations: View citations in EconPapers (2)

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