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Monetary-fiscal policy interaction and fiscal inflation: a tale of three countries

Martin Kliem (), Alexander Kriwoluzky and Samad Sarferaz ()

No 15-396, KOF Working papers from KOF Swiss Economic Institute, ETH Zurich

Abstract: We study the impact of the interaction between fiscal and monetary policy on the low-frequency relationship between the fiscal stance and inflation using cross-country data from 1965 to 1999. In a first step, we contrast the monetary-fiscal narrative for Germany, the U.S. and Italy with evidence obtained from simple regression models and a time-varying VAR. We find that the low-frequency relationship between the fiscal stance and inflation is low during periods of an independent central bank and responsible fiscal policy and more pronounced in times of high fiscal budget deficits and accommodative monetary authorities. In a second step, we use an estimated DSGE model to interpret the low-frequency measure structurally and to illustrate the mechanisms through which fiscal actions affect inflation in the long run. The findings from the DSGE model suggest that switches in the monetary-fiscal policy interaction and accompanying variations in the propagation of structural shocks can well account for changes in the low-frequency relationship between the fiscal stance and inflation.

Keywords: Time-Varying VAR; Inflation; Public Deficits (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cba, nep-dge and nep-mac
Date: 2015-10
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Related works:
Journal Article: Monetary–fiscal policy interaction and fiscal inflation: A tale of three countries (2016) Downloads
Working Paper: Monetary-fiscal policy interaction and fiscal inflation: A tale of three countries (2015) Downloads
Working Paper: Monetary-Fiscal Policy Interaction and Fiscal Inflation: A Tale of Three Countries (2015) Downloads
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