EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

Knowledge Spillovers and their Impact on Innovation Success - A New Approach Using Patent Backward Citations

Spyros Arvanitis (), Florian Seliger () and Martin Wörter ()
Additional contact information
Florian Seliger: KOF Swiss Economic Institute, ETH Zurich, Switzerland
Martin Wörter: KOF Swiss Economic Institute, ETH Zurich, Switzerland

No 16-414, KOF Working papers from KOF Swiss Economic Institute, ETH Zurich

Abstract: We propose a new patent-based measure of knowledge spillovers that calculates technological proximity based on firms that were identified via patent backward citations links. We argue that this measure has a couple of advantages as compared to the 'standard' measure proposed by Jaffe: First, it reflects spillovers from both domestic and foreign technologically 'relevant' firms, second, it is more precise because it only takes into account knowledge relations with technologically 'relevant' firms. Our empirical results indeed show that the measure performs better than the standard measure in an innovation model. We find - for a representative sample of Swiss firms - that knowledge spillovers measured in this way have a positive and significant impact on innovation success. However, the knowledge spillovers appear to be localized: Spillovers from geographically distant areas such as the USA and Japan matter less than spillovers from near destinations such as Europe and particularly Switzerland itself. Moreover, the spillover effect on innovation performance decreases with increasing number of competitors on the main product market so that this effect would appear only in niche markets or oligopolistic market structures. However, an additional effect of competition can only be detected for more radical innovation success.

Keywords: Knowledge Spillovers; Innovation Success; Knowledge Capital; Patent Citations; Competition (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-com, nep-cse, nep-ino, nep-knm, nep-sbm, nep-tid and nep-ure
Date: 2016-10
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
http://dx.doi.org/10.3929/ethz-a-010737115 (application/pdf)

Related works:
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:kof:wpskof:16-414

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in KOF Working papers from KOF Swiss Economic Institute, ETH Zurich Contact information at EDIRC.
Series data maintained by ().

 
Page updated 2017-11-21
Handle: RePEc:kof:wpskof:16-414