Closing Heaven’s Door: Evidence from the 1920s U.S.Immigration Quota Acts
Philipp Ager () and
Casper Hansen ()
No 17-22, Discussion Papers from University of Copenhagen. Department of Economics
The introduction of immigration quotas in the 1920s fundamentally changed U.S. immigration policy. We exploit this policy change to estimate the economic consequences of immigration restrictions for the U.S. economy. The implementation of the quota system led to a long-lasting relative decline in population growth in areas with larger pre-existing immigrant communities of affected nationalities. This effect was largely driven by the policy-restricted supply of immigrants from quota-affected nationalities and lower fertility of first- and second-generation immigrant women. In the more affected areas labor productivity growth in manufacturing declined substantially and native workers were pushed into lower-wage occupations. While native white workers faced sizable earnings losses, black workers benefited from the quota system and improved their relative economic status within the more affected areas.
Keywords: Immigration restrictions; productivity growth; local labor markets; racial wage gap (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J31 J61 N31 O15 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 51 pages
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-gro, nep-his, nep-lab and nep-mig
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (11) Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
Working Paper: Closing Heaven's Door: Evidence from the 1920s U.S. Immigration Quota Acts (2017)
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:kud:kuiedp:1722
Access Statistics for this paper
More papers in Discussion Papers from University of Copenhagen. Department of Economics ï¿½ster Farimagsgade 5, Building 26, DK-1353 Copenhagen K., Denmark. Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Thomas Hoffmann ().