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How Migrant Heterogeneity Influences the Effect of Remittances on Educational Expenditure:Empirical Evidence from the Cambodian Socio-Economic Survey

Masamune Iwasawa (), Mitsuo Inada and Seiichi Fukui ()
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Seiichi Fukui: Graduate School of Agriculture, Kyoto University

No 898, KIER Working Papers from Kyoto University, Institute of Economic Research

Abstract: This study explores the effects of remittances on child education that depend on three types of migration: parental, non-parental, and no migration. Measuring the effects of remittances is challenging and demands great caution because their theoretical positive impacts can be partly or fully offset by the adverse influences of family members’ migration. The magnitude of this negative impact, furthermore, depends significantly on migrant characteristics. Specifically, given that parents play an irreplaceable role in their children’s education, parental migration not only leads to a labor shortage in the household but also results in insufficient parental input. To overcome the difficulties of measuring the effects of remittances, we derive data from the Cambodian Socio-Economic Survey in 2009, which provides a sufficient sample size for the three self-selected migration types. Estimating each subsample enables us to disentangle the net impact of remittances from that of migration and measure the influence of remittances given the differences in migrant characteristics. Overall, the estimates suggest that the positive effects of remittances are partially canceled out for non-parental migration and completely eliminated when parental migration occurs.

Keywords: Remittance; Migrant heterogeneity; Educational expenditure (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: O15 I25 J13 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 27pages
Date: 2014-08
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dev, nep-edu, nep-mig and nep-sea
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