Firm-Level Labor Demand for and Macroeconomic Increases in Non-Regular Workers in Japan
Hiroshi Teruyama (),
Yasuo Goto () and
Sebastien Lechevalier ()
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Hiroshi Teruyama: Institute of Economic Research, Kyoto University
Yasuo Goto: Faculty of Social Innovation, Seijo University
No 994, KIER Working Papers from Kyoto University, Institute of Economic Research
The purpose of this study is to account for the increase in non-regular workers, namely, part-time and dispatched workers, in the Japanese economy from the early 2000s. We use a firm-level panel dataset extracted from an administrative survey and distinguish between the short-run and long-run determinants of non-regular labor demand. Using the estimated parameters of the labor demand function, we decompose the rate of increase in the macroeconomic non-regular worker ratio into determinant factor contributions. Our major results can be summarized as follows. First, the firm-level determinants of the demand for part-time and dispatched workers significantly differ. Second, our results suggest that the creation of part-time jobs stimulated by the increased female labor supply plays an essential role in non-regular worker growth relative to direct demand-side factors. On the contrary, increases in both the elderly and the female labor supply have reduced demand for dispatched workers. Third, the microeconomic demand conditions for non-regular labor are widely dispersed among firms. Neither the micro demand factors examined in this study nor industrial differences can explain this heterogeneity.
Keywords: non-regular employment; part-time workers; dispatched workers; firm-level labor demand; female labor supply; Japan (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J21 J23 J82 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 38 pages
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Journal Article: Firm-level labor demand for and macroeconomic increases in non-regular workers in Japan (2018)
Working Paper: Firm-Level Labor Demand for and Macroeconomic Increases in Non-Regular Workers in Japan (2018)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:kyo:wpaper:994
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