Side Effects of Immunity: The Rise of African Slavery in the US South
Cahiers de Recherches Economiques du Département d'économie from Université de Lausanne, Faculté des HEC, Département d’économie
Why did African slavery rise in the southern United States? The novel empirical evidence presented in this paper reveals that (i) malaria was a major determinant for the rise and spread of African slavery in the US South and (ii) malaria resistance made sub-Saharan Africans especially attractive for employment in these regions. We show that African enslaved labor was massively introduced in the United States after the spread of a deadly malaria species, and that it remained largely concentrated in the more malariainfested areas of the South. We further document that more malaria-resistant slaves, i.e. those born in the most malaria-ridden regions of Africa, commanded higher prices.
Keywords: Slavery; Malaria; African Slave Trade; Colonial Institutions (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I12 N31 N37 N57 J15 J47 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 106 pp.
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:lau:crdeep:18.07
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