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Monetary policy shocks and inflation inequality

Christoph Lauper and Giacomo Mangiante

Cahiers de Recherches Economiques du Département d'économie from Université de Lausanne, Faculté des HEC, Département d’économie

Abstract: We evaluate household-level inflation rates since 1980, for which we compute various dispersion measures, and we assess their reaction to monetary policy shocks. We find that (i) contractionary monetary policy significantly and persistently decreases inflation dispersion in the economy, and that (ii)different demographic groups are heterogeneously affected by monetary policy. Due to different consumption bundles, middle-income households experience higher median inflation rates, which at the same time are more reactive to a contractionary monetary policy shock, leading to an overall convergence of inflation rates between income groups. These results imply that (iii) the impact of monetary policy shocks on expenditure inequality is significantly more muted once we control for differences in individual inflation rates.

Keywords: monetary policy; inflation inequality; redistributional effects (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: E31 E52 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 68 pp.
Date: 2021-11
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cba, nep-mac and nep-mon
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (2)

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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:lau:crdeep:21.02a

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