Changes in self-employment in the agricultural sector, South Africa: 1994-2012
Liz Neyens and
Martin Wittenberg ()
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Liz Neyens: Analysis Group Inc., Boston
No 173, SALDRU Working Papers from Southern Africa Labour and Development Research Unit, University of Cape Town
While South Africa enjoys a wealth of household and firm data that speaks to the evolution of the labour market since the end of apartheid in 1994, the interpretation of these data is complicated by a variety of measurement and fieldwork changes that have occurred over this time period. These changes have been well documented by Wittenberg (2004, 2014), Casale, Muller, and Posel (2004), and Yu (2007). One of the most dramatic changes that must be considered when examining employment trends over this period is the apparent increase in self-employment that took place with the switch from the October Household Surveys (OHS) to the Labour Force Surveys (LFS). With this change in survey instrument, there was a seeming increase in the number of self-employed agricultural workers from roughly 150 000 in the last wave of the OHS (October 1999) to more than 1.4 million in the first wave of the LFS (February 2000). The number of self-employed agricultural workers (SEAWs) drops somewhat after September 2000 but remains elevated throughout all waves of the LFS compared to previous OHS waves and later Quarterly Labour Force Survey (QLFS) waves. This series, calculated using the Post-Apartheid Labour Market Series (PALMS) which combines all three survey instruments—OHS, LFS, and QLFS
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