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Why do parents their children work ? A test of peverty hypothesis in rural areas in Brukina Faso

Christelle Dumas ()

Research Unit Working Papers from Laboratoire d'Economie Appliquee, INRA

Abstract: This article aims at testing whether child labor is caused by poverty. Tests are designed for rural areas in a setting characterized by the absence of a labor market. A model of rural household labor supply is developed that provides testable implications of two different poverty hypotheses. We test if child labor is due to a binding subsistence constraint and if child leisure is a luxury good. We find that, in rural Burkina Faso, children provide labor mostly because of labor market imperfections and not because of household subsistence needs and that child leisure is a normal good.

Keywords: child labor; rural hoseholds; market imperfections; poverty hypothesis (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D13 I32 J22 O12 Q12 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 29 pages
Date: 2004-06
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-afr and nep-agr
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