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Restarting the Greek Economy?

Dimitri B. Papadimitriou, Christos Pierros (), Nikos Rodousakis and Gennaro Zezza

Economics Strategic Analysis Archive from Levy Economics Institute

Abstract: The Greek economy--still fragile due to the lingering effects of the 2009-10 crisis--was hit particularly hard by the COVID-19 pandemic. Greece's 2020 GDP decline was one of the worst among the group of EU and eurozone member states, along with the highest levels of unemployment and underemployment. Dimitri B. Papadimitriou, Christos Pierros, Nikos Rodousakis, and Gennaro Zezza update their analysis of the state of the Greek economy on the basis of recently released provisional data for 2020Q4, and model three projections through 2023: (1) a baseline scenario in which no agreement is reached on the disbursement of EU funds (the Recovery and Resilience Facility); (2) a scenario in which EU grants and loans are distributed in a timely manner; and (3) an additional scenario that pairs EU funds with implementation of an employer-of-last resort program. The second scenario would see Greece's GDP growth return to its pre-pandemic trend--albeit still leaving the economy below the level of real GDP it reached in 2008. The third scenario has the most favorable impact on growth and employment--raising real GDP above its pre-pandemic trend. Failure to achieve a proper recovery of GDP in Greece would be directly related to an absence of fiscal policy expansion. This Strategic Analysis is the joint product of the Levy Economics Institute of Bard College and INE-GSEE (Athens, Greece). It is simultaneously issued in both English and Greek.

Date: 2021-05
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-mac and nep-pke
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