EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

Human Capital, Market Imperfections, Poverty, and Migration: Evidence from Albania

Etleva Germenji and Johan Swinnen

LICOS Discussion Papers from LICOS - Centre for Institutions and Economic Performance, KU Leuven

Abstract: The most dramatic recent immigration in Europe is the influx of more than 700,000 Albanians, about a quarter of the total Albanian workforce, in the 1990s. The vast majority migrated illegally. This paper analyses the determinants of Albanian migration based on a unique representative survey of rural households. The study confirms that migrants are mostly young, male, and single. Regional variations in migration reflect a combination of cultural and economic factors, including migration costs. However, we find that migrants do not come from the poorest rural households. Moreover, education has a positive, albeit non-linear, effect on the likelihood of migration. Migration is negatively related with household access to alternative income sources and reduced financial constraints but positively related with the presence and household's access to migration networks. Policy implications are that aid programs and government initiatives to invest in rural infrastructure and rural education may have mixed effects on migration. A key policy target to reduce migration should be the creation of non-farm rural employment and rural households?access to finance.

Keywords: Albania; migration; rural household (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F22 O52 P20 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 36 pages
Date: 2005
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-edu, nep-eec and nep-tra
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (10)

Downloads: (external link)
http://www.econ.kuleuven.be/licos/publications/dp/dp157.pdf

Related works:
Working Paper: HUMAN CAPITAL, MARKET IMPERFECTIONS, POVERTY, AND MIGRATION: EVIDENCE FROM ALBANIA (2005) Downloads
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:lic:licosd:15705

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in LICOS Discussion Papers from LICOS - Centre for Institutions and Economic Performance, KU Leuven Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by ().

 
Page updated 2024-05-16
Handle: RePEc:lic:licosd:15705