EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

Business cycles in the EU: A comprehensive comparison across methods

Mariarosaria Comunale and Dmitrij Celov ()
Additional contact information
Dmitrij Celov: Vilnius University

No 26, Bank of Lithuania Discussion Paper Series from Bank of Lithuania

Abstract: Recently, star variables and the post-crisis nature of cyclical fluctuations have attracted a great deal of interest. In this paper, we investigate different methods of assessing business cycles for the European Union in general and the euro area in particular. First, we conduct a Monte Carlo experiment using a broad spectrum of univariate trend-cycle decomposition methods. The simulation aims to examine the ability of the analyzed methods to find the observed simulated cycle with structural properties similar to actual macroeconomic data. For the simulation, we used the structural model’s parameters calibrated to the euro area’s real GDP and unemployment rate. The simulation outcomes indicate the sufficient composition of the suite of models consisting of popular HodrickPrescott, Christiano-Fitzgerald and structural trend-cycle-seasonal filters, then used for the real application. We find that: (i) there is a high level of model uncertainty in comparing the estimates; (ii) growth rate (acceleration) cycles have often the worst performances, but they could be useful as early-warning predictors of turning points in growth and business cycles; and (iii) the best-performing Monte Carlo approaches provide a reasonable combination as the suite of models. When swings last less time and/or are smaller, it is easier to pick a good alternative method to the suite to capture the business cycle for real GDP. Second, we estimate the business cycles for real GDP and unemployment data varying from 1995Q1 to 2020Q4 (GDP) or 2020Q3 (unemployment), ending up with 28 cycles per country. Our analysis also confirms that the business cycles of euro area members are quite synchronized with he aggregate euro area. Some major differences can be found, however, especially in the case of periphery and new member states, with the latter improving in terms of coherency after the global financial crisis. The German cycles are among the cyclical movements least synchronised with the aggregate euro area.

Keywords: : business cycle; growth cycle; European Union; real GDP; unemployment rate; trend-cycle decomposition; synchronization (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C31 E27 E32 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 50 pages
Date: 2021-08-26
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-eec, nep-mac and nep-tra
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (1)

Downloads: (external link)
https://www.lb.lt/uploads/publications/docs/32467_ ... ce8f1881a2cdd536.pdf Full text (application/pdf)
Our link check indicates that this URL is bad, the error code is: 403 Forbidden

Related works:
Chapter: Business Cycles in the EU: A Comprehensive Comparison Across Methods (2022) Downloads
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:lie:dpaper:50

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in Bank of Lithuania Discussion Paper Series from Bank of Lithuania Bank of Lithuania Gedimino pr. 6, LT-01103 Vilnius, Lithuania. Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Aurelija Proskute ().

 
Page updated 2024-05-25
Handle: RePEc:lie:dpaper:50