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Comparing the Immigrant-Native Pay Gap: A Novel Evidence from Home and Host Countries

Andrej Cupak (), Pavel Ciaian and d'Artis Kancs

No 810, LIS Working papers from LIS Cross-National Data Center in Luxembourg

Abstract: We estimate wage differentials between foreign- and native-born workers across developed and developing economies. We leverage internationally harmonised microdata covering 21 countries, 20 years and 1.5 million individuals and employ counterfactual decomposition techniques. We find that vis-à-vis comparable workers born in developed countries, the workers born in developing economies are disadvantaged both in their home country labour markets and – if migrating – also in developed host countries. Wage differentials suggest the opposite for workers born in developed countries – their wages are higher not only in developed countries but for migrants also in developing host countries. After accounting for personal and job-related characteristics, at least 28% of the total native-to-migrant wage gap remains unexplained. The unexplained wage gap has increased during the last decade and can be attributed to the labour market discrimination, differences in unobserved job characteristics, variation in unobserved skills, and the institutional labour market framework.

JEL-codes: D31 J15 J7 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 43 pages
Date: 2021-05
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-isf and nep-mig
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