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Biodiscovery and Intellectual Property Rights: A Dynamic Approach to Economic Efficiency

Tom Dedeurwaerdere, Vijesh Krishna () and Unai Pascual ()
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Tom Dedeurwaerdere: Centre de Philosophie du Droit (CPDR), Université Catholique de Louvain, Belgium

No 13.2005, Environmental Economy and Policy Research Working Papers from University of Cambridge, Department of Land Economics

Abstract: This paper examines the use the use of economic incentives for knowledge generation through biodiscovery, in the particular case of the use of a highly valuable biogenetic resource stock from the South for industrial/research input. The focus is on a dynamic approach to contracting and property rights building upon insights from institutional and ecological economics. Two important conclusions come out of this analysis. First, it highlights the necessity to go beyond standard market approaches to economic valuation in order to address the issues of future possibilities of use and innovation and the integration of the different stages in the process of value creation. Second, it shows the necessity of developing alternatives to the current intellectual property rights regime, including systems for appropriate protection of the traditional knowledge of local communities.

Keywords: food security; Bioprospection; genetic resources; traditional knowledge; Kani model; benefit sharing (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2005, Revised 2005
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-agr and nep-ino
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