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Urbanization And International Migration From Africa

Giovanni Ferri and Roshan Borsato
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Roshan Borsato: LUMSA University

No wpC29, CERBE Working Papers from CERBE Center for Relationship Banking and Economics

Abstract: Climate change exacerbates desertification forcing millions of rural people to urbanize, especially in developing countries. Our quantitative analysis across African countries highlights migrants’ two typical sequential moves: i) people escape from villages to cities; ii) through cities’ enabling settings, some of them emigrate to developed countries. We find that: i) previous lower fresh water availability – our climate-related proxy – and drops in GDP’s agricultural share in Sub-Sahara seem to boost subsequent urbanization: ii) previously heightened urbanization subsequently inflates emigration rates. Thus, policies to combat land impoverishment/desertification would help both the environment and easing the stress that migration casts on societies’ balance.

Keywords: Desertification; Climate change; Urbanization; International migration. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F22 O15 O18 O55 Q54 R14 R23 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-afr, nep-agr, nep-dev, nep-env, nep-mig and nep-ure
Date: 2018-07
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