Can Emotional Intelligence promote Individual Wellbeing and protect from perceptions' traps?
Antonino Callea (),
Dalila De Rosa (),
Francesca Lipari () and
Marco Costanzi ()
Additional contact information
Antonino Callea: LUMSA University
Dalila De Rosa: Ministero dell'Economia
Francesca Lipari: Carlos III University of Madrid
Marco Costanzi: LUMSA University
No wpC39, CERBE Working Papers from CERBE Center for Relationship Banking and Economics
Rising income inequality has become a major worry in rich countriesâ€™ societies and a focus for remedial policy action to protect individual wellbeing. However, cognitive biases, misconceptions and emotions might detach inequality, as perceived by individuals, from the real measures of inequality. On a unique survey of 627 Italian respondents to a questionnaire tailor-made to embrace individualsâ€™ Emotional Intelligence (EI), and perceptions about various socio-economic variables, we study the determinants of wellbeing. Specifically, we quantify wellbeing alternatively through Happiness â€“ hedonic measure â€“ or through Flourishing â€“ eudemonic measure â€“ and investigate its relationship with an individualâ€™s perceived inequality (PI) and EI. Via an instrumental variable approach to tackle the intrinsic endogeneity of wellbeing with PI and EI, we reach two main results: i) Happiness responds (negatively) to PI, and positively to EI; ii) Flourishing is positively related to EI, but not to PI. Moreover, we find that PI depends negatively on individualâ€™s trust, and income comparison. Finally, Happiness, Flourishing and PI are all related to real measures of income inequality such as the Gini index. Thus, reducing perceived inequality and promoting the capability to recognize otherâ€™s emotions are the true channels through which policies could promote societyâ€™s wellbeing while protecting it from perception traps.
Keywords: Perceived Inequality; Emotional Intelligence; Individual Wellbeing; Analysis of Survey Data (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C83 D63 D91 I31 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 31 pages
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ban, nep-eur, nep-hap and nep-neu
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:lsa:wpaper:wpc39
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