Migration, Labor Tasks and Production Structure in Europe
Stefania Borelli (),
Giuseppe De Arcangelis () and
Majlinda Joxhe ()
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Stefania Borelli: Sapienza University of Rome
CREA Discussion Paper Series from Center for Research in Economic Analysis, University of Luxembourg
This paper assesses the effect of the immigration on the production structure in a selection of European countries in 2001-2009 with a task-based approach. The inflow of immigrants represents an increase in the relative supply of manual-physical (or simple) tasks, hence favoring simple-task intensive sectors. We use a new OECD dataset, PIAAC, to calculate the index of simple-task intensity at the country-industry level. The analysis confirms that the increase in migration stocks caused a positive impact on the value added of sectors that use more intensively simple tasks. These effects are more intense when considering countries as Italy and Spain characterized by a recent, rapid and intense inflow of migrants. Endogeneity issues are discussed and instruments based on a gravity approach are used in estimation.
Keywords: Rybczynski Effect; International Migration; PIAAC; Gravity Equation (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F22 C25 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-eur, nep-int, nep-mig, nep-tid and nep-ure
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Working Paper: Migration, Labor Tasks and Production Structure in Europe (2016)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:luc:wpaper:17-02
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