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Migration, Labor Tasks and Production Structure in Europe

Stefania Borelli (), Giuseppe De Arcangelis () and Majlinda Joxhe ()
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Stefania Borelli: Sapienza University of Rome

CREA Discussion Paper Series from Center for Research in Economic Analysis, University of Luxembourg

Abstract: This paper assesses the effect of the immigration on the production structure in a selection of European countries in 2001-2009 with a task-based approach. The inflow of immigrants represents an increase in the relative supply of manual-physical (or simple) tasks, hence favoring simple-task intensive sectors. We use a new OECD dataset, PIAAC, to calculate the index of simple-task intensity at the country-industry level. The analysis confirms that the increase in migration stocks caused a positive impact on the value added of sectors that use more intensively simple tasks. These effects are more intense when considering countries as Italy and Spain characterized by a recent, rapid and intense inflow of migrants. Endogeneity issues are discussed and instruments based on a gravity approach are used in estimation.

Keywords: Rybczynski Effect; International Migration; PIAAC; Gravity Equation (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F22 C25 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-eur, nep-int, nep-mig, nep-tid and nep-ure
Date: 2017
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http://wwwfr.uni.lu/content/download/98609/1188706 ... re%20in%20Europe.pdf (application/pdf)

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Working Paper: Migration, Labor Tasks and Production Structure in Europe (2016) Downloads
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:luc:wpaper:17-02

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