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The Impact of R&D Activities on Exports of German Business Services Enterprises: First evidence from a continuous treatment approach

Joachim Wagner ()

No 260, Working Paper Series in Economics from University of Lüneburg, Institute of Economics

Abstract: This study uses newly available representative data from German business services firms and a continuous treatment approach based on the generalized propensity score to test for a causal effect of R&D activities (measured by the share of engineers and natural scientists in all employees) on the share of exports in total sales. We find evidence for a positive and statistically significant but small causal effect. This result is in line with the (non-causal) results reported in Vogel and Wagner (2012) based on regression models with and without control for unobserved time-invariant firm characteristics. The bottom line, then, is that R&D activity does matter for success of German business services firms on export markets – but not much.

Keywords: Innovation; export; business services; Germany (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F14 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cse, nep-ent, nep-ino and nep-sbm
Date: 2012-12
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Related works:
Journal Article: The Impact of R&D Activities on Exports of German Business Services Enterprises: First Evidence from a Continuous Treatment Approach (2015) Downloads
Working Paper: The Impact of R&D Activities on Exports of German Business Services Enterprises: First evidence from a continuous treatment approach (2012) Downloads
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