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WOMEN LABOR MARKET PERFORMANCE IN EUROPE:NOVEL EVIDENCE ON TRENDS AND SHAPING FACTORS

Angela Cipollone (), Eleonora Patacchini and Giovanna Vallanti ()

No 13107, Working Papers LuissLab from Dipartimento di Economia e Finanza, LUISS Guido Carli

Abstract: We investigate the changes in women’s participation patterns across 15 EU countries over the last 20 years using individual data from ECHP and EUSILC databases. Our findings indicate that macro factors, such as social policies and institutional characteristics, can explain a notnegligible portion of cross-countries differences in trends of women labor market participation. In particular social policy and institutional factors have an important impact on the labor market "opportunities" of women by affecting the quality of potential jobs available, the chances to (re-)enter the labor market and the opportunity costs of employment (vs non-employment). Interesting from the point of view of the policy maker, is that reforms of the institutional framework towards a model of flexicure labour market are effective in enhancing women labour supply only when deregulation is accompanied by sufficient social compensation.

Keywords: Employment gender gap; Labor Market Institutions; Child-rearing; Elderly care; Flexicurity (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J11 J21 J2 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2013
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-hme
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